Acceptable Grounds for Terminating Employees: A Guide For Employers

There are three main types of terminations: voluntary termination, involuntary termination and discharge without cause. If you are terminated, it is important to understand what happened and how much you owe.

Voluntary Termination: This kind of termination occurs if both sides agree to terminate the contract, i.e., the employee agrees to leave voluntarily and the employer agrees to pay his/her salary until the end of his/her contract.

Involuntary Termination: This happens when the employee doesn’t want to leave the company; however, the employer wants him/her out. He will usually give notice and make sure he gets paid for the rest of the contract.

Discharge Without Cause: This is when the employer decides to dismiss the employee without providing any reasons. Usually, this is because of poor performance.


A fundamental breach of contract occurs when an employer fails to provide the agreed terms and conditions of his or her employment. In such cases, it is possible for employees to take legal action against employers for constructive dismissal.

An employer may be liable for a constructive dismissal claim where there is a fundamental failure to comply with contractual obligations. For example, if an employer fails to provide notice of termination, or fails to issue written reasons for dismissing an employee, this could amount to a fundamental breach of contract and give rise to a constructive dismissal claim. However, courts are reluctant to find constructive dismissal claims unless the employee has been dismissed without good reason.

In determining whether an employee has been constructively dismissed, courts look at whether the employee had reasonable ground to believe he or she was being dismissed. If the employee resigned because he or she felt that the employer was breaching a term of the contract, then the employee may have had reasonable grounds to resign.


Employees who have completed two years of service are entitled to a written statement explaining why they were let go. This applies even if they were fired without cause, according to the Ontario Human Rights Commission. Employers are also obligated to give pregnant women who have been terminated while on maternity leave a written statement regarding their rights under the province’s Employment Standards Act.


Redundancy is when someone gets fired from a job without cause. This happens when you are no longer needed at work. If you are fired, it means you did something wrong and there is no way to fix it. You might think that you deserve to be fired because you did something wrong, but this is not always true. Sometimes people get fired for reasons that make no sense. For example, a person could be fired for being too old, having a disability, or even being a woman.

An employee who wants to leave a company must give notice to her employer. She does this by telling her boss she wants to resign. When she gives notice, she tells him why she wants to leave and what date she plans to start looking for another job.

If you do not give notice, you lose your job. Your employer can legally fire you for any reason except discrimination, illegal activity, or retaliation against whistleblowing. These things are considered illegal.

Your employer cannot fire you just because he/she wants you out of the office. He/She needs a good reason to let you go. Otherwise, you have every right to sue the company and win damages.

The last salary received upon leaving a job

An employer must provide written notice to an employee when terminating employment. This includes providing notice of termination within one week of the effective date of termination. If there is no notice period, the employer must pay the employee final wages upon separation.

There are exceptions to the rule. For example, the employer does not have to provide notice if it terminates the employment relationship due to death, disability, retirement or reorganization. In addition, employers do not have to provide notice when the employee resigns. However, if the employee resigns voluntarily, the employer must pay final wages.

If the employee quits, he or she loses the right to receive final wages unless the employer agrees otherwise.

Providing a job reference

A recent court ruling in Germany has clarified how employers are expected to provide references for former employees. A German court recently ruled that employers must inform potential future employers about previous work experience. This includes providing a list of references, including names and contact information. Employers are required to provide such information even if it is not requested by the prospective employer.

The court decision came following a lawsuit filed by a man named Martin M., who claimed his former employer failed to provide him with a proper reference. He argued that since he did not ask for one, he could not be held responsible for failing to provide one. However, the court disagreed, saying that employers must provide a reference regardless of whether or not the candidate asks for one.

In addition to the requirement to provide a reference, employers are also obligated to notify current employers about the termination of a worker. If an employer fails to do so, the employee can sue for damages.

Notice periods

A notice period is required before dismissing someone from employment. This applies to both employees and independent contractors. In most cases, employers must give employees at least 30 days written notice prior to termination. However, there are exceptions to the rule. For example, an employee can be dismissed immediately upon receipt of a criminal conviction or felony charge. An employer can also terminate an employee immediately if he/she commits fraud, embezzles funds, or engages in sexual harassment. If an employee violates a company policy, the employer may fire him/her immediately.

The same rules apply to independent contractors. They too must receive at least 30 days written notification prior to being terminated. However, an employer can terminate an independent contractor immediately if he/she fails to perform his/her duties. For instance, an independent contractor cannot refuse to work unless given reasonable notice. He/she must show up for every assignment and complete it within a specified timeframe. Failure to do so constitutes grounds for immediate termination.

In addition, an employer does not have to pay severance benefits to an employee who is fired immediately. However, he/she must provide one week’s wages per month for each full year worked. Independent contractors are entitled to the same amount of money.

Termination by mutual consent

When an employer agrees to pay money or provide benefits to an employee in return for the employee waiving his/her right to sue the employer for wrongful termination, it is called “termination by mutual consent.” This type of agreement is often reached in cases where there are allegations of discrimination, harassment, or retaliation.

In most states, employers must give employees 60 days’ notice prior to terminating employment without cause. However, some states allow employers to terminate employment immediately upon reaching a settlement agreement with the employee. In those states, the employer simply needs to sign a document stating that he/she agreed to compensate the employee for any losses suffered due to the termination.

If you’re looking to settle a case like this one, contact us today. We’ll help you draft up a strong settlement deal that protects your interests while still giving you what you deserve.

Federal unfair dismissal

An unfair dismissal claim must be filed within 12 months of the date of dismissal. If you believe you’ve been unfairly dismissed, it’s important to act quickly. You could lose your job, your pension and even your compensation.

If you are unsure whether you qualify for an unfair dismissal claim, contact us today. We’ll help you decide what action to take next.

General protections

The law prohibits discrimination against people based on race, sex, disability, religion, age, marital status, family responsibilities, sexual orientation, political beliefs or membership of a trade union.

Discrimination can occur in many different areas such as employment, education, housing, credit, insurance, sport and recreation, public transport, health care, aged care, child care and telecommunications.

A person can make a complaint about discrimination to the Equal Opportunity Commissioner, the Fair Work Ombudsman or the Human Rights Commission.

If you believe someone else has been discriminated against, contact the relevant authority.

Federal discrimination and harassment

Discrimination occurs when someone treats you unfairly because of something like race, gender, religion, disability, sexual orientation, age, marital status or nationality. Discrimination can happen in the workplace, school, home, public spaces, social media sites and online dating apps.

The federal anti-discrimination laws cover employment, education, housing, credit and banking, telecommunications, transportation, health care, welfare benefits, jury duty, legal aid, aged care and superannuation.

If you think you have experienced discrimination, talk to someone. You don’t have to go it alone. Contact your local police station, a state or territory Human Rights Commission, or a national body such as the Australian Human Rights Commission.

Frequently Asked Questions

What about quitting your job during your probationary period?

In most cases, employers are required to provide a probationary period to new employees. This is usually set to three months, although it varies depending on the industry. During this time, the employer needs to evaluate whether the person is suitable for the job role. If there are issues found during this evaluation process, the employer must terminate the contract immediately.

However, if someone terminates their employment during their first 30 days, it is called “termination without cause.” In such situations, the employer does not have to follow the same procedure, since the employee has been employed less than 30 days. However, employers still need to provide a written explanation why the individual was terminated.

The reason behind providing probationary periods is to ensure both parties are comfortable working together. Some companies even offer training programs for new starters, while others allow them to work remotely.

What Are the Common Causes of Firing?

Employees are often terminated for reasons that include, among others, poor work performance, violation of company policy, theft, damaging company property, misuse of company resources for personal purposes, insubordination, and lateness. But what about those instances where an employer fires someone because of something they posted on Facebook, Instagram or Twitter?

A recent study conducted by CareerBuilder found that nearly half of employers will terminate an employee based on information discovered online. This includes conduct that violates policies regarding alcohol consumption, drug use, sexual harassment, domestic violence and cyberbullying. In fact, one in 10 companies reported terminating an employee over inappropriate comments made on social media platforms.

The most common offenses included posting photos of drugs/alcohol, making sexually suggestive remarks, sharing nude images, engaging in cyberbullying behavior, and expressing racist views.


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